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青岛雅思培训 | 听力句型之would/could/should have done

7个月前 (11-25) 热度:117 ℃

  先看几个剑16中的听力句子:

  1 .

  I suppose we should start with Amsterdam as this was one of the first cities to have a bike-sharing scheme.

  Yes. There was already a strong culture of cycling here . In a way it’s strange that there was such a demand for bike -sharing because you’d have thought most people would have used their own bikes .

  文中讲到几个城市共享单车计划的实施情况,谈到Amsterdam时说它是最早开始的城市之一,有很强的骑行文化,但奇怪的是Amsterdam还有很强大的需求,it’s strange that there was such a demand for bike -sharing because you’d have thought most people would have used their own bikes . would have thought ,would have used 都是情态动词would+动词完成式,表示对过去情况的虚拟和假设,一种推测,实际情况并不是这样,所以上句话意思是你可能会觉得大多数人都会用他们自己的单车,但实际上there was such a demand for bike -sharing,共享需求量大,因此单车计划在那非常成功=they are surprised it has been so successful(正确选项)

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  2.

  ...Sydney would be a good example to use .i would have expected it to have grown pretty quickly here .

  本以为Sydney会增长很快,但实际并不如此,增长没有达到预期结果令人失望=they agree it has been disappointing(正确选项)

  这两个是matching题,都需要很好理解句意匹配出选项,情态动词would+动词完成式在part3 听力中比较常见,很多同学不是特别清楚他们的意思而理解有误,再看一个句子:


  3.

  My results were a bit problematic ---the fat content for that type of nut seemed much lower than it said on the package . But I reckon the package information was right . I think I should probably have ground up the nuts more than I did.

  Should have done熟悉吧,本应该做但实际没做,也是对过去情况的虚拟,带有遗憾批评抱怨的意思,I should probably have ground up the nuts more than I did,应该把坚果磨得更细一点=she did not grind the nuts finely enough .(正确选项)


  情态动词+动词完成式有哪些?

  A May/might +have +过去分词 ‘可能已经…’

  He may have received the letter.

  She said that he might have missed the plane .

  He might have arrived now.

  He may have left when you get there.

  might have +过去分词还可表示过去应该做而没做的事

  I might have got in trouble.我险些弄出麻烦来。

  He might have tried this medicine.他本可以试试这种药。


  B can /could +have +过去分词 过去能做(含‘能力’的意思)而没做

  I could have got the job if I had applied for.

  We could have done better.

  推测过去

  where could she have gone?

  She could have left her purse in the coffee shop .


  C must +have +过去分词 对过去行为的肯定推测

  She must have gone through a lot.

  I can’t find my bike. Somebody must have stolen it.


  D needn’t have+过去分词 过去没必要做却做的事

  We needn’t have told him the news because he knew it already.

  You needn’t have taken a taxi to get here. It isn’t far.


  E should + have +过去分词 过去应该做而没做

  You should have given her more help.

  You should have told me this earlier. (有责备,批评之意.)

  比较:I should have done that.(因自己没做某事而责备自己)

  I would have done that.(自己想做但没去做)

  在虚拟条件句里,would have done 是最常用最自然的,

  如:If I had had the chance, I would have applied for the job .

  Jim would have been badly hurt ,but fortunately he had been rescued by a local farmer.


  F ought to +have +过去分词 过去应该做而没做

  You ought to have returned the book earlier.


  PS :情态动词口语中用法简单多啦

  • Asking people to do things (requests)

  We often use can or could to ask people to do things:

  Can/Could you wait a moment, please?

  Liz, can you do me a favor?

  I wonder if you could help me.


  • Asking for things

  To ask for something, we use Can/Could I have…?

  Can /May I have these postcards, please?

  Could I have the pepper, please?


  • Asking for and giving permission

  To ask for permission to do something, we use can, could or may:

  Could I use your phone? Yes, of course.

  Do you think I could borrow your bike?

  You can/may use the phone.


  • Offering to do things

  To offer to do something, we sometimes use Can I ….

  Can I get you a cup of coffee? Yes, that would be very nice.

  Can I help you? No, it`s all right, I can manage.

  You look tired, I`ll get you a cup of coffee.


  • Offering and inviting

  To offer or to invite,we use Would you like…?(not do you like)

  Would you like a cup of tea? Yes, please.

  Would you like to come to dinner tomorrow evening? Yes, I`d love to.

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